Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is long-lasting disease that inflames the lining of the large intestine (the colon) and rectum. People with ulcerative colitis have tiny ulcers and small abscesses in their colon and rectum that flare up periodically and cause bloody stools and diarrhea.

Quick Facts

Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Loss of body fluids and nutrients
  • Painful, urgent bowel movements
  • Diarrhea

Common Causes:

The cause of ulcerative colitis remains unknown, but it is likely caused by an abnormal response of the immune system. Food or bacteria in the intestines, or even the lining of the bowel may cause the uncontrolled inflammation associated with ulcerative colitis.

Diagnosis:

  • Medical history review and review of symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Endoscopy, such as colonoscopy or proctosigmoidoscopy
  • Blood tests

Common Treatment:

The treatment for Ulcerative Colitis depends on the seriousness of the disease.
  • Medication/drug therapy
  • Changes in diet
  • Surgery 

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