Conditions

Acid Reflux

More than 60 million Americans experience acid reflux at least once a month. Acid reflux disease, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can produce a variety of symptoms. Although acid reflux is extremely common and rarely serious, don’t ignore your acid reflux symptoms. Making a few lifestyle changes and using over-the-counter antacids are usually all you need to control acid reflux symptoms.

Barrett's esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus is a serious complication of GERD, which stands for gastroesophageal reflux disease. In Barrett’s esophagus, normal tissue lining the esophagus — the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach — changes to tissue that resembles the lining of the intestine. About 10%-15% of people with chronic symptoms of GERD develop Barrett’s esophagus.

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Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food.

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Constipation

Constipation is passage of small amounts of hard, dry bowel movements, usually fewer than three times per week. People who are constipated may find it difficult and painful to have a bowel movement. Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal complaints in the United States, resulting in about 2 million doctor visits annually.

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Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

In cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), people experience bouts or cycles of severe nausea and vomiting that last for hours or even days and alternate with longer periods of no symptoms.

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Diverticulum & Diverticula

Many people have small pouches in their colons that bulge outward through weak spots, like an inner tube that pokes through weak places in a tire. Each pouch is called diverticulum. Pouches (more than one) are called diverticula. The condition of having diverticula is called diverticulosis. About 10 percent of Americans over the age of 40 have diverticulosis.

When the pouches become infected or inflamed, the condition is called diverticulitis.

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Fecal Incotinence

Fecal incontinence is the inability to control your bowels. More than 6.5 million Americans have fecal incontinence. It affects people of all ages – children as well as adults.

Loss of bowel control can be devastating. People who have fecal incontinence may feel ashamed, embarrassed or humiliated. Some don’t want to leave the house out of fear they might have an accident in public.

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Gas in the Digestive Tract

Although having gas is common, it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by burping or passing it through the rectum. Understanding causes, ways to reduce symptoms, and treatment will help most people find relief.

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GERD

Commonly known as GERD, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

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Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem can be painful, but it’s usually not serious. Veins can swell inside the anal canal to form internal hemorrhoids. Or they can swell near the opening of the anus to form external hemorrhoids. You can have both types at the same time.

The symptoms and treatment depend on which type you have.

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS affects up to 55 million (one in five) Americans, mostly women. IBS causes are unknown. IBS disorder interferes with the normal functions of the large intestine.

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Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is liver inflammation caused by a buildup of fat in the liver. The fat buildup is not caused by drinking alcohol.
Many people have a buildup of fat in the liver, and for most people it causes no symptoms and no problems. However, in some people the fat causes inflammation of the liver. Due to the inflammation, the liver doesn’t work as well as it should.
 
NASH can get worse and cause scarring of the liver, which leads to cirrhosis. But the disease does not always get worse.
There is no clear reason why some people with excess fat in the liver develop NASH and others do not.

Stomach Ulcers

Stress, spicy foods, type A personality. Which of these causes most stomach ulcers? The answer: none of them. Research shows that most ulcers — 80% of stomach ulcers and 90% of those in the duodenum, the upper end of the small intestine — develop because of infection with H. pylori (Helicobacter pylori).

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Viral Gastroenteritis

Viral Gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection caused by several different viruses. Highly contagious, viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the United States. It causes millions of cases of diarrhea each year.
Viral Gastroenteritis is often mistakenly called “stomach flu,” but it is not caused by the influenza virus and does not infect the stomach.

Appendicitis

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a 3 1/2-inch-long tube of tissue that extends from the large intestine. No one is absolutely certain what the function of the appendix is. One thing we do know: We can live without it, without apparent consequences.
Appendicitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgery to remove the appendix. Left untreated, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity. This can lead to peritonitis, a serious inflammation of the abdominal cavity’s lining (the peritoneum) that can be fatal unless it is treated quickly with strong antibiotics.

Bloating

Bloating, gas (flatus), and burping are all normal conditions. Gas is made in the stomach and intestines as your body breaks down food into energy. Gas and burping may sometimes be embarrassing. Bloating, which is a feeling of fullness in the abdomen, can make you uncomfortable. Although many people think that they pass gas too often or have too much gas, it is rare to have too much gas. Changing what you eat and drink can sometimes cut down on gas and relieve discomfort caused by gas.

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Colon Cancer Screening

On your 50th birthday, you’ll get a present from your doctor — a referral for a colon cancer screening, preferably by colonoscopy.

Most people don’t get colon cancer before they’re 60. Although colon cancer is deadly, it takes about a decade for colon polyps to turn into cancer (if they do — most polyps never become cancers). Removal of polyps prevents colon cancer, so doctors start looking for polyps when a person turns 50.

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Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s Disease causes inflammation in the small intestine. Crohn’s disease affects men and women equally and seems to run in some families.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea – loose, watery stools occurring more than three times in one day – is a common problem that usually lasts a day or two and goes away on its own without any special treatment. However, prolonged diarrhea can be a sign of other problems.

Esophageal Stricture

An esophageal stricture is a gradual narrowing of the esophagus, which can lead to swallowing difficulties. The strictures are caused by scar tissue that builds up in the esophagus.

When the lining of the esophagus is damaged, scarring develops. When scarring occurs, the lining of the esophagus becomes stiff. In time, as this scar tissue continues to build up, the esophagus begins to narrow in that area. The result then is swallowing difficulties.

One of the conditions that can lead to esophageal strictures is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Excessive acid is refluxed from the stomach up into the esophagus. This causes an inflammation in the lower part of the esophagus. Scarring will result after repeated inflammatory injury and healing, re-injury and re-healing. This scarring will produce damaged tissue in the form of a ring that narrows the opening of the esophagus.

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Gallstones

Gallstones form when liquid stored in the gallbladder hardens into pieces of stone-like material. They can be smaller than a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. Most gallstones do not cause problems. However, if they block a duct, they usually need treatment.

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Gastroparesis & Diabetes

Gastroparesis is a disorder in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents. It is most often a complication of Type 1 Diabetes. Gastroparesis happens when nerves to the stomach are damaged or stop working.

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Heart Burn

Heartburn is the symptom of acid reflux and GERD; however, not everyone with acid reflux has heartburn and not everyone with heartburn has acid reflux. The symptom of heartburn can also be caused by other unusual things such as intestinal motility problems. Cardiac problems can also mimic heartburn and you should not confuse the two. Unexplained chest pain should be evaluated by an exercise stress test or EKG prior to an evaluation for gastrointestinal problems.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease or IBD includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, which causes inflammation in the digestive tract. The causes of IBD are unknown. Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms include abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea, and fever. Other symptoms of IBD include weight loss. The goal of IBD treatment is to suppress inflammation.

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest significant amounts of lactose, the predominant sugar of milk and dairy products.

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.

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Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is long-lasting disease that inflames the lining of the large intestine (the colon) and rectum. People with ulcerative colitis have tiny ulcers and small abscesses in their colon and rectum that flare up periodically and cause bloody stools and diarrhea.