QUICK FACTS: ESOPHAGEAL STRICTURE
Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
Medical history review and review of symptoms of esophageal stricture
A barium swallow. Patient will swallow barium and x-rays can be taken to show the narrowing of the esophagus
An endoscopy exam. This narrow tube is inserted into the esophagus and it can show any narrowing of the esophagus
Dilation. The esophagus is stretched by the use of one of several methods. Two of the methods of dilation are performed by passing a dilator or air-filled balloon through a endoscope. Repeated dilation may be necessary to prevent the stricture from returning.
Proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole, lansoprazole or rabeprazole, can keep strictures from returning.
Surgical treatment is rarely necessary. It is performed if a stricture can’t be dilated enough to allow solid food to pass through. Surgery is also performed if repeated dilations do not keep these strictures from returning.