QUICK FACTS: IBD
Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease:
Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis Disease:
The cause(s) of inflammatory bowel disease is not known. However people believe that it may be genetically linked since IBD is known to run in families.
An environmental cause is also believed to play a role in developing Crohn’s disease because it most often occurs in people who smoke, are residents of Northern European countries, and live in urban areas.
Other researchers speculate that the disease may be caused by an infection or virus.
Still others believe that the body’s immune system is reacting to unidentified or unknown substance. This substance would cause the immune system to respond inappropriately against normal intestinal tissue, resulting in chronic inflammation
Medical history review and review of symptoms
Series of tests may include upper GI, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy
Surgery, or a combination of these options
Treatment for Crohn’s disease depends on the location and severity of disease, complications, and the person’s response to previous medical treatments when treated for reoccurring symptoms. Many of the treatments are used for both conditions.
Someone with inflammatory bowel disease may need medical care for a long time, with regular doctor visits to monitor their condition.